S.S. Walnut Voyage - Captain
Captain August Linde
aboard the Walnut
left with pipe -
at Pier 21 refugee camp
in Halifax - 1948.
About the Captain
- August Linde was forty-seven years old at the time of the
- Married to wife Hilda - they had two daughters Heili and
- Occupation: He was a Master Mariner, ticketed for the deep
sea and also owned a farm;
- Had been approached by Alexander Kalbus to take command of a ship
of refugees to America;
- Part of his job was to get the necessary Clearance Papers for the ship and
look after the ship;
- Nov. 1948 was called into Stockholm's Canadian Embassy and advised
that upcoming voyage was contrary to current laws. After much
discussion, Embassy authority asked if the Captain himself had a
Canadian Visa receiving, of course, a negative answer from the
Captain, whereupon the authority stamped the necessary approvals into
- He and family were only some of a few passengers who had Canadian Visas and
arrived in Canada legally.
Immigration Examination of
January 5th, 1949 - Halifax, Nova Scotia
Posted with the kind permission of
the Linde family.
Examination held at the Immigration Offices, Halifax,
in the case of
August Linde, Captain of S.S. "Walnut".
- WJS [name not presented for privacy], Immigration
- August Linde
- MM [name not presented for privacy], Secretary
Q. What is your full name?
A. August Linde
Q. Is that your only name?
Q. When and where were you born?
A. Leisi, Estonia, October 14, 1901.
Q. Hold old are you?
Q. Are you married, single, widower or divorced?
Q. What is your race and citizenship?
A. Estonian, Estonia.
Q. Have you a Passport of Identity?
A. Swedish Alien's Passport, #xxxx/xx, issued at Stockholm,
xxx xxth, 19xx.
Q. What is the name of your wife?
Q. Have you any family?
A. Two children.
Q. Their names and ages?
A. Heili, daughter, aged 11 and Luule, aged 7.
Q. What is your real occupation?
A. Real profession is Master Mariner, but at the same time I
had a farm in Estonia.
Q. When did you leave Estonia last?
A. Twenty-fourth of September, 1944.
Q. Were you alone when you left Estonia?
A. [Illegible.] I left..... children....
aboard.....other Estonian people.
Q. Where did you sail from?
A. I left from Soela on the island of [illegible],
Q. Where did you sail to?
Q. Where did you land in Sweden?
A. Feyan [? illegible].
Q. What happened after you arrived in Sweden?
A. We were put in a Refugee Camp on the mainland, S___? B___?
I stayed there about two weeks and was released (my
family was not),
and then went to Stockholm for two or three days and had my
by the Swedish authorities, then proceeded to
Q. When were your wife and two children released?
A. Around June, 1945, and they joined me in Gothenberg.
Q. What were you doing in
A. I was working there for awhile, then I went to sea onboard
the M/S "Canada".
Q. What position did you hold?
A. Ship's Carpenter.
Q. How long did you spend on this ship?
A. Until the 25th of February, 1947.
Q. What did you do after that?
A. I returned home to Gothenberg until the tenth of June,
1947, then I joined
the ship, Star Areturus, a Swedish ship, under the
Q. What position did you hold?
A. Second Mate.
Q. What was your last permanent address in Sweden?
A. Sxxxxxxxxx, xx, Goteborg.
Q. What happened after you left the Star
A. I was approached by Kalbus Alexander. [Correct
name is Alexander Kalbus.]
Q. What did he approach you for?
A. I was approached about sailing a ship to Canada. He
wanted me to take
command of the ship to sail Refugees from xxxxxxx [crossed
out and illegible]
somewhere in America; either Canada or the United
States. He took me to
look at the ship to see if it was suitable for the
Q. What ship was this?
A. The Walnut.
Q. Who owned the Walnut at that time?
A. A Swedish firm called Stem Olsen Company Limited.
Q. Where were they?
Q. What happened after that?
A. I approved of the ship for the voyage. Kalbus
had a group of Refugees
who were willing to pay to escape to America, and he
[difficult to read amount] Kroner for full-grown
Q. How much did he charge for children?
A. From 100 [illegible, possibly 150?] Kroner to 500
according to their age.
Q. Did he raise enough money through passage payments to
pay for the ship?
A. Kalbus had started a company called the Maritime Walnut
Limited, and with
the proceeds from the shares of this
company and the passage money the
company purchased the Walnut.
Who were the Officers of this company?
A. I don't know off hand. Kalbus was elected
chairman of the company, and
there were seven other
officers. My job was just to get the Clearance Papers,
and look after the ship.
How many shares were there in this company?
A. I think there were 200.
How much did the shares cost?
A. 500 Swedish Kroner each.
Do you own any shares in this company?
A. They gave me xx shares as my wages as Master of the Walnut,
bought xx myself.
How many shareholders in this company?
A. I think there are about 40.
How much did this company pay for the Walnut?
A. 225,000 Kroner
What type of ship is this Walnut?
A. It had been a British Naval Corvette.
How did this Corvette get to Sweden in the first place?
A. This company bought three of them, and converted them to
Have you a list of the shareholders of this company?
A. No. Kalbus has the list.
Do you think it would be possible to obtain a list of the shareholders?
A. It is up to him.
When was it decided to sail this ship to Canada?
A. Before we sailed all the people decided that they wanted to
come to Canada.
How did they make this choice?
A. They figured that there was lots of open land, not so
many people there, and
it was a good chance to make a new
Did you have money for passage to Canada?
A. There was free passage for myself and family plus [illegible]
payment for my services as Master.
Under what registry did this ship sail to Canada?
A. Before we left the company managed to obtain [illegible]
registry from the
Panamanian Council in Stockholm, and
we sailed under the Honduras Flag.
Did the company spend any further money on the vessel after it was purchased?
A. I think they spent about 140,000 Kroner.
What was this money spent for?
A. Refitting the ship and purchasing life boats.
When did the Walnut sail from Sweden?
A. 17th of November, 1948.
What was her last port of call?
A. Lysekil, Sweden.
Where was the ship refitted?
Where did you sail after leaving Sweden?
A. Next port was Sligo, Ireland.
And from there?
A. Sydney, Nova Scotia and then on to Halifax, arriving
at Halifax on the
13th of December.
How many passengers were aboard the ship when the ship arrived at Halifax?
A. 347 including the crew.
How many crew members?
What does the company intend to do with this vessel?
A. To sell it.
How much do you think they can get for this vessel in Canada?
A. I don't know. The company is selling the ship.
Has the company had any offers?
A. There was an offer of $25,000. for the vessel.
What is the exchange rate for the Swedish Kroner and the Canadian Dollar?
A. $1.00 is equal to [illegible] Kroner.
How long have you been going to sea?
A. Since September, 1914.
What ticket do you hold?
A. Master's ticket issued at Tallinn.
How long have you had a Master's ticket?
A. Since 1937.
Was that ticket for deep sea?
Did Alexander Kalbus come over to Canada with the Walnut?
Was he a member of the crew or passengers?
A. He was a passenger.
I forgot to tell you that there is about $2,500.00 owed
by the ship to the
I certify the foregoing to be,
passengers for loans made to the ship
during the voyage to buy
[illegible - bunkers?] and
to the best of my knowledge and ability,
a true transcript of the notes taken
by me in connection with this case.
Signed by the secretary and Examining Immigration Inspector
Captain Linde and
his family settled in the Vancouver area of
British Columbia, Canada.
Family contact: Grandson Troy Lazarowich -
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